Skip to main content

Bandhavgarh Needs to Step-up Efforts to Handle Man- Animal Conflict

Solo with  her cub Any news about the death of a tiger always hurts.  Suspected poisoning of a tigress, one of the most popular, big cats of Bandhavgarh national park, surrounded by about 100 villages , shocked the wildlife lovers earlier this week. Before the exact reason of her death is known and viscera were sent for forensic analysis, various theories started floating by the mushrooming tiger experts over the suspicious death of Solo, the 10 year tigress.A latest picture of the tigress showed wound marks on her body-a deep wound near her neck exposing flesh, caused, perhaps, after fight with Chakardhara male, a ferocious tiger of the park. Tragic End of Solo: Who Killed the Tigress Solo Officially known as T42, the name Solo  was given bya crew of the BBC some years ago while shooting for its documentary ‘The Hunt’in the tiger reserve. Solo was born to the legendary female Rajbehra and Jobhi -male in 2011. It was Rajbehra’s first litter of cubs. Solo dethroned her mother in 2018 and …

Protect This Wildlife Corridor To Save The Ganges

A simmering man- animal conflict zone- a wildlife corridor spread over almost 1 lakh hectares of forest area - is waiting to explode. The corridor connects two beautiful tiger reserves of Madhya Pradesh- the Bandhavgarh tiger reserve (BTR) in Umaria district and the Sanjay -Dubri tiger reserve in Sidhi.As many as 30 tigers jostle for space with over 5 lakh people in the highly fragmented   jungle corridor seeking immediate attention of the government and execution of a concrete wildlife management plan.

The wildlife corridor:  Victim of government apathy


The glib -talk –saga of tiger conservation continues and solid conservation works are missing. Protecting tigers in this corridor assumes greater environmental significance.
  When wildlife conservation works start, human intervention is restricted which leads to various   precious environmental benefits. And no price tag can be attached to them . Here, the catchment of two big rivers – Son and Banas- and their tributaries involving the Ganga basin  are at stake . And for this, we need  to save the pristine Sal forest and a precious biodiversity of the corridor. As the forest and wildlife do not attract politicians, this corridor is neglected for long.   Further neglect of the region may cost dear. A local wildlife activist Ravi Shukla  campaigning for the corridor said several incidents of man animal conflict  were reported from the corridor regularly. Recently, a tiger was chased by a large number of  villagers by beating drums and  bursting crackers.

Besides clean water, one of the most significant outcomes of tiger conservation and their habitat forests, in terms of national interest, has been securing provision of a very effective carbon sink. Water , for long, has been inextricably linked to forests and wetland ecosystems through the hydrological cycle. “ Forests and wetlands serve as natural water treatment and purification systems”,  said the conservationists . Protecting tigers means protecting vital fresh water sources and their entire ecosystem. Conservation of these landscapes, when done properly, also contributes greatly to preserving  other endangered species.

Though authorities of Bandhavgarh tiger rsenational park understand the importance of this corridor, nothing concrete seems to have been done.  Referring to the issue of the corridor the BTR said,  " Set in the middle of Kaimurhill ranges which are the eastern extension of Vindhayachal hills Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve lies between two other major protected Areas of Madhya Pradesh: Kanha Tiger Reserve on the southern side and Sanjay Dubri National Park on the north eastern side. Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve can be a major source of population to replenish wild animals in the corridor area in between these two protected areas if the wildlife corridors are managed properly.”

But who would manage this beautiful tract of the jungle “ properly”  is a million dollar question  that needs to be answered.

The umbilical cord needs to be preserved


The corridor between north Shahdol division,
  Panpatha wildlife sanctuary of Bandavgarh and Dubri sanctuary is a long strip of about 30 km with a width of almost 15km fragmented at several places. This corridor is a part of the Bandhavgarh-Sanjay-Guru Ghasidas-Palamau  tiger landscape with a length of over 25000 sq km  and a  meta population over 70 tigers.  It has been identified as one of the four potential tiger meta-population landscapes whose corridor connectivity has become fragile requiring intervention of policy and restoration for functioning as an effective wildlife corridor. This corridor is home to wonderful flora and fauna.  Towering Sal trees dominate the landscape. Most of the people living in the region belong to the primitive Baiga tribes. Denied the right to education for years, the poor tribals are left to fend for themselves . For land cultivation, they are penetrating into forests. Sloppy implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA) has also resulted in large tracts of forests being cut down  and  claimed as cultivated land. The jungle is fast falling prey to human greed and  government disregard for nature. On the contrary, if the  FRA is implemented sincerely, it would work  wonders for the forests.

 Also read :  Bhopal Tigers Do Have  the Same Fundamental Rights to a Home As Do We 

With one of the highest tiger density , Bandhavgarh is situated  on one end of the corridor while on the other end of the corridor is Sanjay Dubri tiger reserve. Spread over an area 1674.511 sq km, it consists of Sanjay National Park and Dubri Sanctuary along with a buffer taken from Sidhi and Shahdol districts. It is located in the north eastern part Madhya Pradesh. Guru Ghasidas National Park in Chattisgarh borders on south, of which it was a part before formation of Chattisgarh in the year 2000. The contiguous forest patch of  Sanjay TR and Gurughasidas continues as Tamorpingla wildlife sanctuary in Surajpur Chattisgarh  from where two forested arms project eastwards and serve as corridors to connect with Palamau TR in Jharkhand. Those involved in wildlife conservation believe this habitat has tremendous potential for recovering tiger populations as the whole stretch has a low density of tigers . With some wildlife management inputs and connection with Bandhavgarh source, the big cats can roar again  and  their population can be revived in the whole stretch.

Wildlife management will help save the Ganges

Apart from tigers, the reserve also provides shelter to wild elephants that frequent the Mohan range, named after the first white tiger spotted and rescued in the landscape
  by the Maharaja of Rewa in 1951. The terrain of Dubri sanctuary is almost plain while that of Sanjay National Park is undulating. Various perennial rivers including Gopad, Banas, Mawai, Mahan, Kodmar, Umrari and others flow in the reserve. Bandhavgarh tiger reserve is watered by more than 20 luminous rivulets . Some of the most important streams are Johilla, Janadh, Charanganga, Damnar, Banbei, Ambanala and Andhiyari Jhiria. These streams then merge into the Son river, an important southern tributary to the river Ganges . Experts believe community and conservation will have to go hand in hand in the corridor and the Baigas will have to be made stakeholders to save the corridor. Another section of wildlife experts believe that the region can be accorded a status of Conservation Reserve. Or there can be a separate   wildlife forest division formed for the conservation works.
Pic.By Ravi Shukla

Comments

  1. Very amicably & focused article bringing out the essence of the matter & challenges the area faces. It's all up to right minded people at the helm to decide the fate! If slipped then drowned is the result.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Lantana: World’s Worst Weed Devouring Jungles

When people from the world of glamour take up some issue like conservation of forest and environment, the message is sent far and wide. Versatile Bollywood actor Rahul Singh, famous for films like Ghazi Attack, Tere Bin laden and  Delhi Belly among others,  decided to convert the  corona crisis into an opportunity and joined the  wonderful initiative of Inspector General of police Binita Singh to uproot Lantana ( Lantana Camara) from Sajjangarh  wildlife sanctuary in Udaipur. As the campaign continues, more and more people joined to get rid of one of the world’s 10 worst weeds,  fast spreading in the country' s forests.  Rahul Singh shares his views on the  issue.
Tarachand I live near the 519.61 hectare Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary in  Udaipur,  home to leopards, jackals,  jungle cats and a variety of antelopes and deer  including , sambhar ,cheetal  ( spotted deer) and blue bull or the nilgai among others .  But the beautiful forest known as crown of Udaipur is infested with Lant…

Bhopal Tigers Do Have the Same Fundamental Right to A home As Do We

The dispersing tigers  of  Bhopal  seem to be watching helplessly as their  habitat grows smaller, food getting scarcer while a smarter set of predators, the land sharks, increasingly devour their habitat. As you read this, prowling somewhere in the fast-dwindling forests of Kaliasot- Kathotia-Kerwa , on the city outskirts, are 18  magnificent tigers, whose future hangs on the pen tips of Bhopal’s babudom.Pending Tiger Issues Many times, some of these dispersing tigers have left the balding jungle cover and strayed into the National Judicial Academy at  Bhadbhada , as if knocking its doors for justiceTwo tiger issues have been pending for long.  After the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)   accorded a status of tiger reserve to Ratapani sanctuary, the source population of Bhopal tigers, in 2013, the state government needs to issue a notification.  The matter has been pending for the past 7 years. In fact, Ratapani was first recommended as a tiger reserve 17 years ago by the …

The Legacy of White Tigers - Mohan, Virat to Mukundpur Safari

Scion of Rewa royals, Pushpraj Singh fondly remembers the legacy of white tigers. He had seen the legendary Mohan - the white tiger captured by his father Martand Singh Judeo from Mukundpur forest region. He also remembers vividly, Virat- Mohan’s progeny. Mohan is considered a progenitor of all known white tigers in the world. Like his father, Pushparaj is passionate about wildlife conservation. The Legacy of White Tigers- Mohan, Virat to Mukundpur Safari During my childhood, way back in the mid 60s, I used to return back from Bombay (Now Mumbai), for summer vacations to Rewa, my native place and major lures awaiting me would be mangoes and thewhite tiger at Govindgarh fortas well as the visit to the Bandhavgarh tiger reserve. I had never imagined that one summer holiday would mark the end of one of the major attractions, the white tiger era when in 1972-73 my father, Maharaja Martand Singh Judeo decided to close the curtains on keeping this beautiful animal.Known for his wildlife conser…