Skip to main content

Jailed in Jungle: Why Wild Tigress Languishes in Enclosure, Needs to Be Probed

Two years ago, two wild tigers were relocated from Madhya Pradesh to Odisha under India’s maiden interstate -tiger translocation programme which failed miserably. The two big cats were shifted  to Satkosia tiger reserve in Odisha after its tiger population plummeted  from 11 in 2004 to 2 in 2014. One of the big cats  Mahavir sent from MP was reportedly  killed by poachers while Sundari, the tigress, accused of killing two persons,  landed behind barbed wires in a small  enclosure raising questions over the  wildlife management in the country. Many wildlife experts in  India feel that the Satkosia fiasco should be probed and the people responsible for the plight of the national animal  should be held accountable. Condemned to Captivity Before Sundari was condemned to captivity in  Ghorela enclosure in Mukki range of of Kanha  National park,  the tigress had  already  spent an agonizing period of  28 months in captivity in Satkosia, where it was sent  to find a new home and help populat

World Awaits Another ‘Good News’ from Collarwali of Pench

the wildlife, the wildlife india, wildlife,
She is just 15 and already a legend. And she is as famous as a bollywood actress. One of the most fertile tigresses of the world, Collarwali of Pench tiger reserve has many stories linked with her. Her catwalk on the pathways of the jungle ahead of tourist gypsies has made her immensely popular world over. Wildlife photographers are delighted when she walks along with their vehicles giving them ample opportunity to click pictures.

But the incredibly fertile tigress is renowned more not for only giving birth to a record number of litters but also the success of their survival in the cruel world of the wild. The celebrated tigress has already given birth to 29 cubs in 8 litters, a world record of sorts.

Her bulging stomach has already given birth to rumours; rumours abound in the land of Mowgli that Collarwali is pregnant yet again. Foresters, guides, mahouts- all talk about the bulging stomach of the celebrity. But the news is yet to be confirmed. However, one thing is certain -her sibling Langdi is in the family way. But people are bothered more about Collarwali. Both the tigresses are progenies of BadiMada, yet another famous tigress of Pench.

Also read :Bhopal Tigers Do Have The Same Fundamental RightTo A Home As Do We

Motherhood Rarely Witnessed in the Wild

wildlife, the wildlife india,
Born in 2004-05, Collarwali gave birth to her first litter, of three cubs, in May 2008, when she was less than 3 years of age- to be precise 2 years and 7 months.  But it was a tragic experience for her . A first-time mother, perhaps she didn’t know how to take care of them. Very soon, all three died of pneumonia, reminisces a forest guard posted for a long time in the park. But she went into heat soon after and gave birth to four cubs, two each, males and females, in October 2008. They stayed with her for two years. The third litter comprises five cubs — one male and four females — in October 2010. Barely 19 months later followed the fourth one —this time one male and two females in May 2012. Nineteen months later in October 2013 came the fifth liter , all three males. The sixth one was in March 2015, when two males and two females were born. Three tigers with monikers T30, Chhota Male and Rayyakasa fathered these cubs.  In 2017, she delivered 3 more cubs followed by four cubs in January 2019.  The department of Post had issued a special cover envelope on the tigress in 2016, New Zealand and Canada too issued stamps on her in the same year. Tiger experts say 8 litters in a lifespan of 14 years is rare as a tigress normally has her first litter at the age of three and waits at least two years before the next one. In Collarwali’s case, it’s not just the number of litters but also the number of cubs in every litter that makes her special. Much has been talked about her by the wildlife experts about the reasons behind the success rate of fertility and survival of the cubs. “It depends on a variety of factors including the habitat and the prey around it. For long, Collarwali has been occupying one of the best areas of the reserve – a tapu or an island with plenty of water even in the summers because of the Pench river. There are plenty of  sambhars, cheetals ,wild boars and India gaurs –on an average over 100 per square km in the park. And she is agile enough to hunt. There is enough inspiration to breed, experts believe. But wildlife experts are worried also. They are concerned over her health when they talk about the possibility of the ninth litter. “Let’s hope it doesn’t happen. Will she be able to manage it”, a senior official said. “The forest officials had seen her mating. Her walk suggests that she is pregnant again. Almost the  whole staff of the park is monitoring her. But I will confirm this to you in 8-10 days about the good news”, one of the guides said.

Also read:  Protect This Wildlife Corridor ToSave The Ganges

The Radio Collar Tagged Forever

the wildlife india, wildlife, wildlife news,
This  tigress was born  at a time  when a serious tiger crisis was taking place in Sariska  followed by  poaching of tigers in Panna tiger reserve around 2007-08. Officially named as T15 in Pench, a collar was put around her neck by K Shanker, a former Wildlife Institute of India (WII) scientist in 2009 that gave her the name  . Though the collar fell off a few years later, the name stuck for eternity. Stories of highly fertile tigresses like Collarwali , the famous Machchli of Ranthambore, BadiMada featured in the celebrated BBC documentary Spy in The Jungle by sir David Attenborough, Mai, the grand old tigress of Maharashtra’s Navegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve and  Chandi, a 10-year-old matriarch of  the neighbouring Umred-Karhandla, hold out hope for India’s tiger story. A guide in Pench  tiger reserve said   many big cats of T15’s  lineage are present in Pench and in the jungles as far as Satpuda tiger reserve . Actually,  all these tigers  belong to the family of BadiMada but her off spring –Collarwali - has eclipsed her mother’s fame.

Collarwalli Eclipses Popularity of Handsome Male Tigers

wildlife news, the wildlife india, wildlife,
Collarwali has been so famous that people wait for just one glimpse of the tigress. She is the darling of tourists and as they arrive at the park, they would express desire to see her. “Either they are informed by some tour operator or some hotelwallah or some guide and  even the first timers would have an idea about the celebrated tigress”, said an official . And she has never disappointed. The fearless tigress would simply walk past their vehicles obliging them with her darshans . There are occasions when she is not sighted; people have delayed their departure from the jungle for many days. At this age, she has eclipsed the popularity of some of the most handsome male tigers of the jungle including Tarzan, the famous L-Mark, Patdev or Trishul .” Pench ka poora daromdar  Collarwali pe hai”, commented a resort owner (  the whole responsibility of wildlife tourism of Pench is shouldered by Collarwali). Both Trishul and L-Mark are two dominant males ruling  large parts of the park. There is a mark similar to trident near the left cheek of Trishul while a pattern of  L-Mark is visible near the left cheek of the other tiger giving him  the name. But people are mad after charismatic Collarwali.


  1. Certainly a good reason to raise the Toast..the future of big cats is certainly in the claws of these beauties ...u go girl ..hope to hear about u in follow up stories.. egerly wating


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Another tiger loses life in eco-sensitive rail zone connecting India

 Photographs of tiger- carcasses lying on railway tracks could never evoke a feeling of happiness. It saddens the wildlife lovers who would always want to see the majestic animal in the wild, freely taking strides or stalking a prey. But carrying such somber details become necessary to shake up and wake -up the agencies involved in development and the officials accountable  for striking an equilibrium  between environment and economics. Another young tiger died in the eco-sensitive zone (ESZ )of Balaghat-Gondia-Ballarshah  railway tracks on March 8 . Identified as a  T14, about 18 month old tigress of Navegaon national park ,located in Gondia district of Maharashtra. The Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Navegaon is home to almost 60% of the bird species found in the entire Maharashtra. Every winter, flocks of migratory birds visit the lake. Also read: Tiger's Epic Walk Raises Serious Environmental Issues T14 was run over by a goods train around 8am to 8.15 am on March 8. The young ti

Fresh Tiger Crisis in MP Midst Favourable Poaching Conditions

Madhya Pradesh , the tiger state of India, is facing  fresh tiger threat. Four cases of suspected poaching around Bandhavgarh national park in the last one month and tragic tiger killing in a road accident near Panna national park rattled the state forest department. Experts believe that this is an ominous sign and should serve as a wake -up call for the government to continue the tiger success story in the state. Already facing the issues of multiple threats to the tiger corridors and habitat, the recent happenings revolve around the revenge killing and poaching. There is also an urgent need to initiate retrofitting measures in the parks like Panna , recently included in the list of UNESCO biosphere reserves. Disturbing Trends Around the National Park As the special task force (STF) of wildlife rush to investigate the tiger killings around Bandhavgarh national park- 4 in about 25 days of time- it is suspected that “organised poachers” are behind the killings. Quite a sensation was

Lantana: World’s Worst Weed Devouring Jungles

When people from the world of glamour take up some issue like conservation of forest and environment, the message is sent far and wide. Versatile Bollywood actor Rahul Singh, famous for films like Ghazi Attack, Tere Bin laden and  Delhi Belly among others,  decided to convert the  corona crisis into an opportunity and joined the  wonderful initiative of Inspector General of police Binita Singh to uproot Lantana ( Lantana Camara) from Sajjangarh  wildlife sanctuary in Udaipur. As the campaign continues, more and more people joined to get rid of one of the world’s 10 worst weeds,  fast spreading in the country' s forests.  Rahul Singh shares his views on the  issue. Tarachand I live near the 519.61 hectare Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary in  Udaipur,  home to leopards, jackals,  jungle cats and a variety of antelopes and deer  including , sambhar ,cheetal  ( spotted deer) and blue bull or the nilgai among others .  But the beautiful forest known as crown of Udaipur is infested with Lan