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Jailed in Jungle: Why Wild Tigress Languishes in Enclosure, Needs to Be Probed

Two years ago, two wild tigers were relocated from Madhya Pradesh to Odisha under India’s maiden interstate -tiger translocation programme which failed miserably. The two big cats were shifted  to Satkosia tiger reserve in Odisha after its tiger population plummeted  from 11 in 2004 to 2 in 2014. One of the big cats  Mahavir sent from MP was reportedly  killed by poachers while Sundari, the tigress, accused of killing two persons,  landed behind barbed wires in a small  enclosure raising questions over the  wildlife management in the country. Many wildlife experts in  India feel that the Satkosia fiasco should be probed and the people responsible for the plight of the national animal  should be held accountable. Condemned to Captivity Before Sundari was condemned to captivity in  Ghorela enclosure in Mukki range of of Kanha  National park,  the tigress had  already  spent an agonizing period of  28 months in captivity in Satkosia, where it was sent  to find a new home and help populat

It's Not Cheetah, the Fastest Animal on the Earth is Shaheen

 


If Cheetah is the fastest animal on four legs,  Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrines)  is the fastest bird , faster  than  the spotted  cat  that may soon  be  reintroduced in India, may be in some jungle of Madhya Pradesh also. A survey is on   for the reintroduction of Cheetah in India which  has a recorded speed that varies from 109.4 km per hour  to 120.7 km per hour  . But the stooping Shaheen has a diving speed of about 389 km per hour.Peregrine falcon,the English name of this amazing predator bird may not be common but  Shaheen, the Hindi word for the bird is very popular. The India sub -species of Falco peregrines is known as Falco peregrinus peregrinator or shaheen falcon . It is a non-migratory subspecies of the peregrine falcon found mainly in the Indian subcontinent. In India, Shaheen is spotted almost across the country, mainly in rocky and hilly regions. The Shaheen is also reported from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
Shaheen Number Unknown in India
Vultures
Recently Shaheens were  in news after a number of the predator  birds were sighted during the just concluded count of the threatened vultures in Madhya Pradesh. A typical Peregrine Falcon male can weigh somewhere between 750 grams to 1200 grams and is about 16 inch long . Shaheen is the fastest animal on earth while  taking dive and as it executes this dive, the Peregrine falcon soars to a great height, then dives steeply at speeds of over 350 kms per hour pouncing upon  its prey in the air.

Also read: Of Owl Crisis and Sorcerers

Director of Panna national park Uttam Kumar Sharma confirmed that , “  Peregrine falcons can attain this very high speed while  taking its dive”. A good number of Shaheens  were sighted in Panna  tiger reserve  where the  number of endangered vultures has increased from  666  last year to 722 in 2021, maximum in any  other national  park of the state.

Wildlife experts said that Peregrines use a “specific flying technique when hunting  and it is known as stoop.” The stoop is gravity-assisted  and is considered  more a controlled fall . “They fly high above their prey and close their wings  falling like a stone downwards . Their aerodynamic shape helps  attain high velocity speed  stunning  their targets .

However, their normal flight was recorded between 22 and 26 mph.Partners in Flight, is an organization launched in 1990 in response to growing concerns about declines in the populations of many land bird species, estimated  in 2020 the global breeding population to be 140,000 with 17% spending some part of the year in the U.S, 5% in Canada, and 5% in Mexico. Their population in India is unknown.

Banner pic : Shaheen atop a tree. Courtesy Panna National Park 


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